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What is meditation According to Aranyaka?
26 Nov

What is meditation According to Aranyaka?

Aranyaka which derived from Sanskrit version of “Forest Book” is a later part of the Brahmanas, or expositions of the Vedas, which developed in India in around 700 BCE. 

The word "Aranyaka" is derived from "aranya." "Aranya" means a "forest. During that time " Neither in the Samhita nor the Brahmana has the permission one to live in a forest. Vedic rites are to be performed by the peoples living in a village. But after his mind becomes pure through such  Vedic rituals, he goes to the forest to engage himself in meditation.  It is to qualify for this stage of vanaprastha, to become pure for the  Vedic practices like sacrifices are to be followed.

For the Aranyakas, more important part is to perform the sacrifices for their inner meaning and significance. 

The Brhadaranyaka Upanishad included in both an Aranyaka and an Upanishad, and it begins with a philosophical explanation of the horse sacrifice.


Aspects of Meditation in Aryanka 

The Upasana-Kanda or Worship-Section deals with various kinds of worship or meditation. The Jnana-Kanda or Knowledge-Section deals with the highest knowledge of Nirguna Brahman. The Mantras and the Brahmanas constitute Karma-Kanda; the Aranyakas Upasana-Kanda; and the Upanishads Jnana-Kanda.


Here is the classification of Aryankas:-

•Aitareya Aranyaka

•Kaushitaki/ Shankhayana Aranyaka

•Jaiminiya-Upanshad Aranyaka

•Chandogya- Aranyaka

•Brihadaranyaka

•Taittiriya Aranyaka

•Maitrayaniya Aranyaka


So these are the essence we found in Aryankas about Meditation.


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