A Spiritual Essence From Bhagvad Gita
YATRA YOGESHVARAH KRISHNO YATRA PARTHO DHANUR –DHARAH
TATRA SHRIR VIJAYO BHUTIR DHRUVA NITIR MATIR MAMA//18-78//
Wherever there is Sri Krishna, the lord of all yog’s, wherever there is Arjuna, the supreme archer, there will also undoubtedly be unending opulence, victory, prosperity, and righteousness. Of this I am certain
Mahatma Gandhi on Gita; ”When doubts haunt me in the face, and when I see not one ray of light on the horizon I turn to Bhagavad Gita and find a verse to comfort me, and I immediately begin to smile in the midst of overwhelming sorrow. my life has been full of external tragedies, and if they had not left any visible and indelible effect on me, I owe it to the teachings of BHAGAVAD GITA.”
One reaps immense benefits by reciting Bhagavad-Gita. In Padmapuranam, the benefits of chanting each chapter of Gita is described. Let’s try to understand what is described in each chapter and benefits of either reciting, listening or thinking of Gita chapter wise.
Chapter 1: Arjunavishada yogam:-one who listens, recites or thinks of this chapter will be able to recollect previous births as well easily cross this worldly life
As Arjuna was craving for dharma, an interest in knowing the righteous path, renunciation from pain and pleasures in the temporary material world which are all the qualities required for the unity with God the chapter was thus named so
In this chapter all the great warriors on either side of the Mahabharata war, their army, declaring the beginning of the war and the Arjun’s words of sorrow, dejection distress are described.
Chapter 2:-Sankhya yogam:-slowly and steadily one gains Atma gyanam and blessed with attaining the Brahman
In this; Arjun expresses his emotional turmoil asks for help. Sri Krishna explains clearly the nature of Soul, rules, and dharma to be followed on a Warfield, importance of performing deeds without expecting benefits in return and the qualities of a wise person and his greatness.
Chapter 3:-Karma yogam:-will be devoid of all sinful deeds and attains divinity
All of us are constantly involved in one or the other deed.in this chapter, importance of performing once duties, and performing with a feeling as an offering to god and without any desire. Sri Krishna explains the benefits of such deeds, and if not performed duties the difficulties faced are also explained clearly by Bhagavan.
Chapter 4:-Gyana yogam:-not just humans but indeed the trees and environment gets blessed
How to dispel ignorance with the help of gyana khadga ;sword of knowledge, purification of heart through gyana tapas, various kinds of holy rituals- yagnyays, &how performing yagnya clears once sins, importance the knowledge of Self is, to serve the mankind, a quality of a learned are all dealt in detail in this chapter.
Chapter 5:-karma sanyasi yogam:-once faults are forgiven and even in case of the other living creatures like birds are blessed.
Sri Krishna explains the importance of karma yoga as a foundation for any practitioner on the path towards realization. How one can stay happy by having control over sense organs and how self-realization dispels ignorance as well the importance of devotion towards god explains the nature of God.
Chapter 6:-Atmasamyamayogam:-it assures that one attains moksha
This chapter is also known as dhyana yoga. In this chapter, Sri Krishna explains in detail the meaning of Atma(soul), sense organs, mind, body, how to regulate and have control over them, qualities of one who has control over senses, body, and mind, ways to meditate, the importance of dhyana yoga
Chapter.7:-Vigyanayogam;-humans, all the ancestors and even reptiles like snakes attain moksha
Sri Krishna advice one to not just be satisfied with the knowledge one gains but orders one to know the knowledge of the divine, knowledge of the self, how to attain god and results one reaps.
Chapter 8:-Aksharaparabhrama yogam:-devoid of all distress, attains moksha.
Akshara means that which has no destruction .that Parabhrahaman who is ancient, indestructible, importance and benefits of Aum chanting, to attain God through devotion is explained.
Chapter 9:- Rajavidyarajaguhya yogam:-devoid of sins attained due acceptance or offerings against dharma and to attain mukthi -liberation.
That knowledge which is of utmost importance, desirable, supreme knowledge and that which is confidential is Rajavidyarajaguhya.
Sri Krishna imparts the invaluable knowledge of the self that which is most confidential.
Chapter 10:-Vibhuti yogam:-lord Krishna will always be by him, and thus one attains Brahma gyana praapti self-realization.
Vibhuti means wealth, abundance .the universe is the reflection of God in every element, evolution, and expansion, and how does one attain moksha.
Chapter 11:-Viswaroopasandarsanayogam:-devoid one of all the sinful deeds and reaches the abode of god.
When Arjun pleads, Sri Krishna reveals his universal form. Arjun praises with ecstasy on seeing the form of the omnipresent Lord.
Chapter 12:-Bhakti yoga:-one is bestowed with divine powers and as well moksha
Here the qualities of a devotee, various forms and means of devotion, about Sakara and Nirankari methods of practice and importance of devotion are explained.
Chapter 13:-Kshatrakshetravibhagayogam: - devoid of all the sinful deeds and reaches the abode of god.
Kshetram means: the body, kshetragyna is the indweller; the soul. Due to ignorance, one thinks he is the body and as a result is always unhappy. Sri Krishna explains the nature of the kshetra and kshetragyna, and how with the power of insight can understand the difference between them.
Chapter 14:-Gunatrayavibhagayogam: - devoid of all the sinful deeds and reaches supreme state.
Here Sri Krishna explains in-depth the about the nature of the 3 (qualities)gun’s sattva, rajas, and time, how they reflect in behaviors of the individual, their effect of having these qualities, qualities on one devoid of these anyway to become dear to god are graciously explained
Chapter 15:-Puroshottama praapti yogam: - devoid of all the sinful deeds and moksha
Purushottama refers to the lord. Here nature of the jeevatma, Paramatma, also the form of the omnipresent, how to attain Him, benefits in doing so are explained.
Chapter 16:-Daivasurasampadvibhagayogam:-one becomes powerful and strong, attains moksha.
That divine qualities that help one in knowing the lord and help in attaining Him termed as true wealth. That quality of demons which are a hindrance in the path of achieving God is termed as asurasampad.
Also, the importance of following the traditions is emphasized.
Chapter 17:-Sradhatrayavibhagayogamu:-free from all diseases and attains liberation.
Shraddha means dedication. The three types of Shraddha (satvic, tamasik, rajasik) are explained. Aum tat sath” mantra explained and what happens when one performs deeds without interest and dedication is described in this chapter.
Chapter 18:-Mokshasannyasa yoga:-will reap all the fruits of good deeds and reach the divine abode.
Moksha means “to release” i.e., being released from the miseries of the world and cycle of birth and death.
Sri Krishna emphasizes that one can attain moksha only by renunciation.
Sri Bhagavad Gita has the essence of Upanishads
Swami Vivekananda on Gita -”truths beautifully arranged together in their proper places like a fine garland or a bouquet of choicest flowers.”