ANAPANASATI MEDITATION TECHNIQUE AND RESEARCH STUDY
Anapanasati Meditation Technique and Research Study
"Sati" implies mindfulness; "anapana" refers to the in and out of breath. Anapanasati means "mindfulness of breathing”.
It is a form of Buddhist meditation taught initially by Gautama Buddha in several suttas including the Anapanasati Sutta. Anapanasati is going beyond the stage of making the mind thoughtless which has three steps. They are Ana, Pana and Sati.
• Ana:- In this stage of practice, the practitioner will see the memory of past. i.e of childhood. Next, the practitioner’s mind will move towards attachments. Though hard to meditate, by practice it becomes easy. From this stage going deeper into the cellular memory system by focusing on breath and not controlling it, the practitioner becomes aware of millions of cellular Mann where data imprints of the past births present. Continuing awareness on the breath, one should become aware of the feeling that arises in the cells and not gets attached to them.
• Pana:- While continuing awareness and focus on the breath the arduous task at this stage is to ignore the cellular systems attacks with different feelings from past births and current life either. Only by ignoring and by focusing on breath practitioner’s body will become calm and blissful as the inner fire is on. This inner fire is quiet and joyful for the practitioner but not for their karma so it will attack them. The practitioner has to keep focusing on inner bliss and move on to the final step.
• Sati (Burning Of Karma):- Just being aware of inner breath practitioner will feel a strange fire within that burn’s their karma. The more focused on the breath more enormous is the intensity of this fire. In this meditation, repeating a mantra, visualisation or controlling breathing are banned.
Following the procedure rightly as above, a stage comes when external breathing reaches a state of stillness. A practitioner with sufficient skill does not breathe externally, but the internal breathing functions. That is during inner breathing, there is no exhalation through the nose or mouth, but all pores on the body are breathing.
1. Desbordes’ research In 2012 uses functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to record brain activity during the scan on subjects who have learned to meditate throughout two months while they were performing everyday tasks. Scan detected some distinct changes in the brain part namely amygdala. Results showed that subjects who have learned to meditate hold steady even when they’re not meditating. Functional MRI study showed activation in the amygdala in the practitioners before eight weeks of training in mindfulness when they were watching images with emotional content whereas later meditation study showed that the amygdala was less activated.
2.Electroencephalographic measures indicate that proficiency in practice activates theta and alpha range, ie.an overall slowing after meditation.
3.Also, Increase in the thickness of structures and network in parts of frontal, temporal and parietal lobes observed implies improved cognitive functions like attention, problem-solving, learning and memory.
4.Neuroimaging studies indicate an increase in regional cerebral blood flow during anapansati meditation.
5.The research at UCLA found a reduction in activation coefficient after learning meditation which means the more relaxed, the better the mood and thinking abilities.
6.Scientist observed stress reduction and decrease volume of grey matter in the amygdala.
7.Studies observed activation of the parasympathetic system during meditation practice. That implies a decrease in physiological variables like heart rate, respiratory rate, systolic and diastolic blood pressure
(EPI: An object is placed on a glass plate and stimulated with high-frequency high voltage;
EPI images without filter show persons current psychophysiological and EPI images with filter reflects the body’s somatic
Benefits of practising Anapanasati meditation (mindfulness meditation) are:-
•Relief From Irritable Bowel Syndrome
•As Treatment For Fibromyalgia
•Relief From Anxiety & Stress
•Induces A Positive Emotional State
•Improves Resiliency To Disease
•Improved Memory Retention
•Depression Symptoms Cured
•Treat Post-traumatic Stress Disorder & An Antidote For Chronic Pain
•Builds A Stronger Immune System
•A Healthy Heart
•Enhanced Quality Of Sleep
•Improvement in an array of both physical and mental conditions
•Mindfulness meditation is especially useful for preventing Dementia and Alzheimer’s also for assisting with emotional regulations.
When Buddha was asked, “What have you gained from meditation?”
He replied, “Nothing.”
Instead, I lost, “Anger, anxiety, depression, insecurities, fear of old age and death.”