Ananthasamsara samudhrataara naukayithabhyam gurubhakthidaabhyaam,
Vairagyasamrajyadha poojanaabhyam, namo nama sri guru padukabhyaam.
We have seen aspirants who could cross this endless ocean of life wisely under the guidance of a guru. Such is the importance of Guru, and his grace is available to those alone who are receptive. We are in the Kaliyuga, and it is vital we sow the seed of spirituality within to stay at peace as well as cope with situations wisely, to begin. There is a lineage of gurus in every yuga, they are:-
Lord Brahma, Vishnu, Maheswara of Kritayug–The yuga of truth and the age of divine souls.
Vasistha, Parasara and Sakthi maharishi of Tretayuga-The yuga of the intelligent, virtuous and wise.
Veda Vyasa, Suka of Dvaparayuga –The yuga was predominant with both divine and demonic qualities.
Sri Gaudapada Acharya and lineage of Gurus of the Kaliyuga – The age of gross materialism.
In Kaliyuga, sattva guna is suppressed by tamas and rajas qualities. The dharma - rightful behaviour in individuals diminished.
Therefore in kaliyuga, it is said, always essential to be in the right company of spiritual leaders listening to their discourses; sat-pravachan and chanting the name of the lord to purify the body, mind and senses. Also, it is said that the easiest way to attain liberation in kaliyuga is through nirantara namasmarana, i.e. continuous chanting of the name of the lord while performing our duties.
Today, we are going to know about three sampradayas/philosophies that were introduced by three different gurus.
Advaita sampradaya- Adi Shankaracharya is considered the propagator of this philosophy during the 8th century
Dvaita sampradaya- Madhvacharya born in 1238 propounded this philosophy
Visishtadvaita sampradaya- This philosophy was pioneered by Ramanujacharya during the 11th century.
In the lineage of gurus of the Advaita philosophy we see:-
Gaudapadaacharya, Govinda bhagavatpada, Sankara bhagavatpada and his disciples are Padmapada/Sanandana, Hastamalaka, Sureshvara, Totaka, Citsukha, Prthividhara, Cidvilasayati, Bodhendra, Brahmendra, Sadananda, Vartikakara and others.
What is Advaita? What is Dvaita And Visisthadvaita?
To be continued.
May we all be blessed by our Universal Guru.
Krishnam Vande Jagadgurum!