Ujjain – A City of God
Ujjain is also known as “the City of God” which situated on the eastern bank of the Kshipra River. It most prominent city on the Malwa plateau of central India for much of its history. It emerged as the political center of central India around 600 BCE. It was the capital of the ancient Avanti kingdom, one of the sixteen mahajanapadas.
It remained an important political, commercial and cultural center of central India until the early 19th century when the British administrators decided to develop Indore as an alternative to it. Ujjain continues to be essential spiritual places of pilgrimage for Shaivites, Vaishnavites, and followers of Shakta.
Ujjain has also selected as one of the hundred Indian cities to developed as a smart city under PM Narendra Modi's flagship Smart Cities Mission.
History of Ujjain:-
The history of Ujjain came into existence in 2000 BCE. Remains of early urbanization also in life in 600 BCE. It was during the times of Hermann Kulke and Dietmar Rothermund whose capital was Ujjain. At around the same time, the city also became the cultural, political and commercial hub of the Malwa Plateau.
Regarded as the literary center of India in the ancient times, Ujjain was the center for Sanskrit learning, ethics, knowledge, science, and arts and was called Vidyapeeth.
The Maurya Dynasty is the one dynasties that ruled Ujjain. Ashoka served as the king of Ujjain during that period. Further, the city ruled by the Shungas, the Guptas, the Shatavahanas, the Paramara and the Western Satraps. During the medieval period, the town was under the Islamic rule.
In 1731, the city came under the rule of the Scindias. Kingship abolished with the new constitution of free India; however, the family is still an essential part of the city, the whole of Central India and a vital hierarchy for the Indian political scenario.
The culture of Ujjain:-
1. Mahakaleshwar Temple:-
• Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga is a Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Shiva and one of the twelve Jyotirlingams, which is the most sacred place of Lord Shiva. Also, it is situated in the ancient city of Ujjain.The temple located near the Rudra Sagar lake. The idol of Mahakaleshwar also known as “Dakshinamurti,” This is only the unique feature, found just in Mahakaleshwar temple which included among the 12 Jyotirlingas across India.The idol of Omkareshwar Mahadev is Situated above the Mahakal shrine.
• Unkown facts about the Mahakaleshwar Temple:-
a. The name Mahakala associated with Hindu god Shiva in his fierce and destructive form.
b. Mahakaleshwar Temple on the banks of river Shipra in the ancient city of Ujjain dedicated to Lord Shiva’s this form.
c. The Simhastha Kumbh Mela world’s most significant spiritual gathering mutually connected to the Mahakaleshwara temple.
d. It is regarded as the most sacred Hindu sites as it is third among the 12 Jyotirlingas in India.
e. The self-arisen (Swayambhu) linga at the Mahakaleshwara temple in Ujjain is considered exceptional.
f. The Bhasma Aarti performed from 4:00 am to 6:00 am, along with the Vedic chants (Stotra) and tunes of cymbals, conchs, and Damru.
g. The temple holy men daily adorn the Mahakala linga with colorful shrungar (masks or looks) and silver ornaments.
h. The various Mukhautas (covers) of Mahakala linga includes Holkar Mukhauta, Man Mahesh, Uma Mahesh, Nirankari Swaroop and more.
2. Kal Bhairav Temple:-
• The Kal Bhairav temple is a Hindu temple located in the Ujjain city of Madhya Pradesh, India. It is situated on the banks of the Shipra River; Liquor is one of the offerings made to the temple deity.
• Unknown facts about Kalbhairav Temple:-
a. Bhairav is a fierce manifestation of Shiva in Hinduism. Kaal Bhairav is the chief among the eight Bhairavs.
b. Devotes also bring liquor bottles with them as they present to the deity. Also known as “Drunken God of India.”
c. The priest opens the bottle and pours it into a plate before placing it near the mouth of the idol.
d. All the liquid go finished slowly.
e. You can observe it. But you’ll never know where this liquor goes.
f. It is remarkable and sounds unbelievable. Pundits of the temple said many organizations had performed researchers on this mystery, but they all failed and came up with no conclusion.
g. Kaal Bhairav is the only God, to whom alcohol offered.
3. Om Kareshwar Temple:-
• Omkareshwar is a Hindu temple dedicated to God Shiva. It is one of the 12 revered Jyotirlinga shrines of Shiva. It is on an island called Mandhata or Shivapuri in the Narmada river; the shape of the island is said to be like the Hindu symbol.
• Unknown Facts of Om kareshwar Temple:-
a. There are two main temples of Lord Shiva here; one is “Omkareshwar “located on the island and another one “Amlaleshwar” located on the south bank of Narmada River on the mainland.
b. It is also said that Lord Shiva visit here to sleep or ‘Shayan’ every night and so ‘Shayan Arti’ is performed here
c. It is believed that worshiping Omkareshwar is synonymous with visiting and worshipping Kedarnath and Panch Kedars
d. Archaeologists have guessed that the Jyothirlinga inside the temple initially located in a small ancient temple where a sizeable holy place was built by and by
e. It’s a riverside pilgrim destination in Madhya Pradesh
f. When the Mughal emperor and Mahmud Ghazni attacked several Hindu temples in the 11th century, Omkareshwar temple was one of them, but it luckily stays alive in the attack, and later it became one of the most popular holy places for Hindu pilgrims.
So That is why it is called “ City of God “ and also came into existence from the Mahabharat Era.